The 5 building blocks
of great reading.

Sight Words

To be a successful reader you need to use a number of skills to understand texts. One of the most effective skills is sight word recognition. 50% of all English texts are made up of the same 100 words. The most frequently used and repeated words in the English language are known as sight words. The list of sight words includes – a, the, is, of, to, in, and, I, you, that.

Sight words are critical to reading not only because they are used so frequently, but also because many of them cannot easily be sounded out or illustrated. Hence the term Sight Words.

When a child masters sight words they are then able to understand at least half of the words in a particular text. By eliminating the need to decode these words, the reader is able to focus on those that are more difficult and less familiar. You can see here how sight words are linked to fluency and treated with such importance in a Chatty Kids course.


Simply put, phonics is the connection between graphemes, or letter forms, and combinations and sounds.

Phonemes are the small units of sound that make up a word. A good example is “star”, the word consists of only one syllable, but it contains four different phonemes: / s / t / a / r /.

At the very core of phonics is the alphabet. Letters of the alphabet need to be connected to their corresponding sounds. The key area we focus on at Chatty Kids is that letters can represent a number of different sounds. Learning phonics is an ongoing process for a developing reader, we use multiple video sources and activities to help children master those sounds.


Comprehension is the ability to understand what you are reading. Street walk down dog long If you read the above line, you would be able to read every word but yet take no meaning from the sentence. Understanding words, sentences, and their meaning are a large part of processing the text as a whole.

A child with strong comprehension would be able to: – Tell the story in their own words. – Demonstrate the ability to talk about how the characters might feel. – Relate concepts from the book to aspects of their own life.

To help your child develop their ability to understand what they are reading Chatty Kids has created short activities and tasks based on the supplied texts. It is a scientifically proven way to ensure that the words, meanings, and context are understood by a child.


In its simplest terms, vocabulary is words. Your vocabulary is the words you know and can use.

Knowing the meanings of words on the page is essential for reading comprehension.

Learning new vocabulary involves connecting the oral and print versions of the words and integrating them into our vocabulary – or ‘word knowledge base”.

Using books written specifically for early readers Chatty Kids will help your child learn new words using techniques such as picture association. Our comprehension strategies are linked with vocabulary growth. Also, our books are leveled so the proportion of challenging words in a piece of writing is the measure for determining a text’s difficulty.


Fluency is the ability to read the words accurately, using their vocal expression, at a reasonable pace. That is – not reading like a robot. Smooth, flowing and correct.

Fluency is tied to vocabulary, comprehension and also confidence. When a child knows what they are reading, when they have encountered the words previously, they will be able to shift their focus to expression and pace when they read out loud.

Chatty Kids encourages children to record themselves so they can review their own ability and progress. Being able to see their own skills develop will aid growing confidence.

Are you ready?